Space Research

RIMFAX – Norwegian Ground Penetrating Radar on Schedule for Mars 2020

  When a new “Curiosity” lands on Mars in 2020, the rover also bears the Norwegian developed instrument, RIMFAX. RIMFAX is short for Radar Imager for Mars’ Subsurface Experiment and is a ground penetrating radar designed to expose the hidden conditions under the surface of Mars.   The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is not a […]

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Swedish Instrument Circling a Comet

Rosetta Near the Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko After more than ten years in space the comet chaser Rosetta is supposed to meet the target 6 August and will follow the comet for more than a year. After the rendezvous Rosetta will start the scientific investigations, investigations that will add much new knowledge about the comets that now […]

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Cosmic Vision – Space Science for Europe 2015 – 2025

  In spite of the fact  that astronomical observations and calculations have been carried out even before Christ and several centuries of astronomy and space research are way behind us, there are still many things we are not familiar with and space is therefore an important field within basic research Today, space research is carried […]

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The History of Gaia

When our ”inner neighbour” Venus these days is orbited by a European satellite, it is as a follow up of th Mars Express that orbits our “outward neighbour” for the third year in a row.

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Long Duration Balloon Flights from Esrange Space Center

The application of balloons for scientific use as a supplement to satellites and ground based instruments has increased in particular during the past decade. Balloons are stable platforms that can hold a payload in the higher atmosphere for several days. There are three launch areas for scientific balloons in the Nordic countries, and Esrange in Northern Sweden is the main launch area for large scientific balloons.

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Lidar observations at IRF

The lidar at IRF utilizes as transmitter a Nd:YAG laser. Wavelength is 532nm, i.e. the laser light is green. The pulse repetition rate is 30 Hz. Before being emitted into the atmosphere the light pulses pass through a couple of optical devices to enhance the beam quality

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