Most countries in the western world strive to motivate young people to choose natural science and technical studies. A lack of highly educated employers can become a problem if the western countries intend to maintain a leading role in the technical development. The field of space research and space utilisation is not an exception. Norway and Canada intend to be in the forefront, thus they have invested resources in a program to motivate young students to seek a career within the space research field – the CaNoRock program.
The application of balloons for scientific use as a supplement to satellites and ground based instruments has increased in particular during the past decade. Balloons are stable platforms that can hold a payload in the higher atmosphere for several days. There are three launch areas for scientific balloons in the Nordic countries, and Esrange in Northern Sweden is the main launch area for large scientific balloons.
From Curiosity to Everybody’s Property
The device’s ability to measure distances, to detect compositions in the atmosphere and transmitting data has provided possibilities to use lasers for a number of tasks connected to the earth observation fields. Several existing and new satellites use the system, and the sensitivity and accuracy are steadily increasing.
The lidar at IRF utilizes as transmitter a Nd:YAG laser. Wavelength is 532nm, i.e. the laser light is green. The pulse repetition rate is 30 Hz. Before being emitted into the atmosphere the light pulses pass through a couple of optical devices to enhance the beam quality
ESA Herschel Project Scientist
Calculated first time in 1644 and published in the present shape for 194 years, the almanac has been a well known phenomenon in Norway. In December and January every year the pocket sized publication is accessible for sale in book stores, large and small shops and in petrol stations etc.
In the Correct Orbit – What Next?
Trough the system for Principal Investigator teams Nordic institutes will play an important role in using the Planck data for further research around the birth of the and the evolution to this day. Without disparagement for the other countries, Denmark has played a major role in the development, and will possibly make the most use of the incoming data.
The Herschel and the Planck satellites are placed in Lagrangian point L2. But where is this point and why it is so attractive for these types of satellites?