This is the slogan the Andøya Rocket Range is using to help widen their customer base. If you want to launch sounding rockets or balloons or if you want to carry out an experiment through ground based instruments, the Andøya Rocket Range (ARR) in many cases will be able to help.
During the Arctic summer, when the temperature in the 80-90 km height region becomes very low, cirrostratous like clouds called Noctilucent Clouds (NLC) can be observed around 82 km height. These are the highest clouds in the Earths atmosphere and are caused by low temperatures in combination with the existence of water vapour in the upper mesosphere.
Around the world, there are some people who leave a distinct footprint on events linked to the space era – people who have managed to make space activities more easily understood among the general public. For Norwegians, one person’s picture and voice are synonymous with historic space events. His name is Erik Tandberg.
The docking and de-docking activities are the most critical operations of the ATV mission. The actual docking will be fully automatic and the 20 tonne spacecraft could severely damage the ISS if control were lost during these manoeuvres.
During the last 30 years a global network of stations equipped with instruments for high precision observation of artificial Earth satellites and very distant radio sources has been established. Some of the satellites are carrying payloads, for example radar altimeters, where the application requires that the radial component of the satellite orbit must be determined to a precision of five cm or better.
The placing of a receiving station for satellite data at an island near the North Pole involves certain challenges related to communication of these data to the users elsewhere in the world. There is no terrestrial infrastructure connecting Svalbard to the Norwegian mainland or any other destination, an in addition particular technical solutions are required to enable communication via geo-stationary satellites from a position as far North as 78 degrees
The locations of the ESA ground stations have been arranged in such a manner on the Earth’s surface that data reception as well as commanding of the spacecraft can be guaranteed to be constant or with minimal interruption.
The past decade has seen increasing public concern about the Earth, its environment and mankind´s impact upon it. Global threats such as climate warming, stratospheric ozone depletion, tropospheric pollution, reduction in Arctic sea ice extent and more recent regional events such as the very intense 1997-1998 El Nino, the fires in S.E. Asia and the floods in Middle Europe, have left the public more concerned about the need to understand, monitor; and predict the evolution and changes of the Earth´s environment.
Patria had a considerable role in building the ozone-monitoring instrument GOMOS for the ENVISAT satellite. Patria’s Space Electronics section developed and manufactured a central part of the instrument, namely it’s science data electronics (SDE) unit.
With a 30 year leadership in electro-optical missile target seeker technology, Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA) was well prepared to develop and deliver an important electro-optical subsystem of the MIPAS instrument (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding).